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Adiche, Chimamanda Ngozi, We Should All Be Feminists, Fourth Estate, 2014, pp. 64

Agger, Inger ; Jensen, Søren Buus, Trauma and Healing Under State Terrorism, London, Zed Books, 1996, pp. 246

Aguirre, Xavier ; Ajangiz, Rafael ; Ibarra, Pedro ; de Rozas, Rafael Sainz, La insumisión, un singular ciclo histórico de desobediencia civil, Madrid, Technos, 1998, pp. 171

Primarily an account of the movement of conscientious objection and ‘insumision’ in Spain, but including analysis and proposals. It was written by university teachers who joined the movement and assisted from inside. Published in the final stage of the movement, when the end of conscription was announced. but there were still objectors jailed in military prisons.

Al-Taher, Sarah, Macht und Ohnmacht der Medien: der Medienkrieg in Syrien und der friedliche Widerstand, Diskussionspapier 34, Bund fuer soziale Verteidigung, 2013

Al-Taher begins by observing that, unlike in the beginning of the Syrian Spring 2011-12, the international and western press no longer reported on peaceful protests in Syria. The paper discusses two possible explanations: a problem of information (either a lack of information or an excess of news), or the absence of nonviolent protests in the region.  The author refutes the second thesis, arguing that despite the ongoing bloody civil war in Syria, large parts of the society nevertheless participate in peaceful protests.

Albert, David H., People Power: Applying Nonviolence Theory, Philadelphia PA, New Society Publishers, 1985, pp. 64

Allen, Sandra ; Sanders, Lee ; Wallis, Jan, Conditions of Illusion: Papers from the Women's Movement , Leeds, Feminist Books, 1974, pp. 416

Altbach, Philip G., Student Political Activism: An International Reference Handbook, Westport CT, Greenwood Press, 1989, pp. 519

Alternatives Non-Violentes (ANV), L’Intervention Civile, Une Chance Pour La Paix, ANV no. 124, ANV, 2002, pp. 80

This special issue of the magazine Alternatives Non-Violentes, collects papers presented at a landmark conference organized at the French National Assembly in October 2001 on civil peace intervention.

Altman, Dennis, Aids and the Globalization of Sexuality, World Politics Review, 10/08/2010,

Alwadi, Nada, Voices of Syrian women in civil resistance, London,, 2013

ANV (revue Alt Non-Violentes), Une Force Entre Dans l’Histoire: Les Luttes Non-violentes Au XXeme Siècle, [2001], ANV, issue 119-120, 2001, pp. 154

This special double issue of the review Alternatives Non-Violentes presents numerous examples of nonviolent struggles and of leading figures in the field of nonviolence that have marked the 20th century.

Argilés, Ramón Adell ; Martínez, Miguel Ángel, ¿Dónde están las llaves? El movimiento okupa: prácticas y contextos sociales, Madrid, Catarata, 2004, pp. 352

Arias, Gonzalo, El proyecto politico de la Noviolencia, [1973], Madrid, Nueva Utopía, 1995, pp. 204

(First edition was printed illegally in 1973 during the Franco dictatorship.)

This is a compilation of texts on nonviolent alternatives to accepting unjust rule, starting from the classics, e.g. Thoreau, Tolstoy, Gandhi, Gregg and Ramamurti, and providing translations of important contemporary European authors, such as Muller, Ebert, Colbere or Frognier. The second appendix of the second edition offers a summary of the nonviolent movement in Spain up to 1995.

Arnold, Martin, Gütekraft. Ein Wirkungsmodel aktiver Gewaltfreiheit nach Hildegard Goss-Mayr, Mohandas K. Gandhi und Bart de Ligt, Baden-Baden, Nomos, 2011, pp. 284

Arnold, a Protestant cleric, explores the ideas of three protagonists of nonviolent resistance (Goss-Mayr, Gandhi and de Ligt) on how nonviolent action ‘works’. The author, who does not use the German translation of ‘nonviolence’ but his own term ‘the power of good’, argues that, regardless of the origin and religion of the practitioners, the effects of nonviolence are basically the same. This volume – the fourth in a series – is a summary of his conclusions from three more detailed case studies, each published as a separate book, and derives from a dissertation undertaken late in the author’s life.

Arnold, Martin, Gütekraft – Gandhi’s Satyagraha, Overath, Bucken and Sulzer, 2011, pp. 408

One in a series of four books analysing how nonviolent resistance works, focusing on Gandhi. [See comments under Arnold in section above.]

Arnold, Martin, Guetekraft: Grundlage der Arbeit fuer Freiheit, Gerechtigkeit und Menschlikeit', Sicherheit und Frieden, Vol. 31, issue 3, 2013, pp. 150-156

Presents an 'ideal type' of nonviolence (the power of good) which synthesizes the approaches developed by the Catholic Hildegard Goss-Mayr, the Hindu Gandhi and the atheist de Ligt.  Attempts to describe the common core of the various traditions of nonviolence: the conception of how nonviolent action typically works.  Differentiates between nonviolence as a pattern of interaction, a model of behaviour and a human potential.  'The power of good' chiefly has an impact through action by committed individuals, 'contagion' and the evolution of both in mass noncooperation. 

Atac, Ilker ; Dursun, Ayse, Gezi Park protests in Turkey: new opportunities, old boundaries? , Oesterreichische Zeitschrift fuer Politikwissenschaft, Vol. 42, issue 4, 2013, pp. 443-450

The article deals with the Gezi Park protests against the demolition of a public park in Istanbul in May 2013, which turned into nationwide protests against the government.  One source of these protests can be located in the conservative-religious neo-liberalism of the ruling AKP. The fundamental thesis  of the authors defines the protests as an expression of a search for new spheres and forms of participatory politics, as an alternative to institutional structures.

Atack, Iain, Nonviolent Political Action and the Limits of Consent, Theoria, Vol. 53, issue 111 (December), 2006, pp. 87-97

Austin, Beatrix ; Fischer, Martina ; Giessmann, Hans J., Berghof Handbook for Conflict Transformation, [2004], revised and updated 2011, Berlin, Berghof Research Centre for Constructive Conflict Management, 2011, pp. 599

Bagguley, Paul, Anti-Poll Tax Protest, In Kennedy, Paul ; Barker, Colin , To Make Another World: Studies in Protest and Collective Action Aldershot, Avebury Press, , 1996, pp. 7-24

Bala, Sruti, "Unsere Waffe ist die Beharrilichkeit": Auftreten, Konzept und Aktivaeten der gewaltfreien Paschtunischen Armee der Khadi Khidmatgar (1929-1948), In Steinweg, R. ; Laubenthal, U. , Gewaltfrei Aktion - Erfahrungen und Analysen Frankfurt am Main, Brandes & Aspel, , 2011, pp. 119-125

Sruti Bala comes from the state of Tamil Nadu in southern India.  In her dissertation on nonviolent protest she discusses some significant elements of nonviolent resistance such  as 'action', 'play' and display'.  She also tries to define certain consequences of nonviolent protest for political identity.  Finally, these conclusions are related to the ideas of Gandhi and Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (the 'Frontier Gandhi').

Balducci, Ernesto, L’uomo Planetario, [1989], Firenze, Giunti Editore, 2005, pp. 192

Balducci examines fundamental ethical questions from a global perspective following the fall of the Berlin Wall, the end of Cold War and the attack on the U.S. on 11th September 2001. His analysis draws upon Catholicism and the necessity of pursuing a secular, nonviolent renovation that – as he argues - all religions must face.

Ballestrem, Karl Graf, 'Widerstand Ziviler Ungehorsam, Opposition, Eine Typologie, In Enzmann, Birget, (ed.) Handbuch Politische Gewalt, Weisbaden, Springer V S, pp. 67-74

The subject of this article is the right to resistance, and in particular whether this right can exist within a liberal and democratic order, which emphasizes protection of civil rights, freedom of speech and the right to public criticism and the right to form an opposition.

Barnell, Peter ; Randall, Vicky, Politics in the Developing World, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2008, pp. 496

Bartkowski, Maciej J. ; Kahf, Mohja, The Syrian resistance: a tale of two struggles, London,, 2013

Part 1 of a two part series. Part 2 is available at

Bartkowsky, Maciej, Analyse: Die Maidan-Revolution in der Ukraine - Gewaltloser Widerstand in gewaltgeladener Situation, (online), bpb, 2014

This study of the Maidan Revolution analyzes what Bartkowsky calls nonviolent resistance in violence-loaded situations. He argues that the major use of force and violence by the regime was not a sign of strength, but of the fundamental weakening of the regime and seemed to be a desperate attempt to avert its threatened defeat. Therefore Janukowytsch's fall was preceded by three months of mobilization and civil resistance that undermined the already weak defences of the regime.

Bayer, Markus ; Kusawe, Janet, Gewaltfrei Widerstand und urbaner Raum, Wissenschaft und Frieden, 2016-2: Stadt im Konflikt - Urbane Gewalttraeume, 2016, pp. 29-31

Nonviolent resistance is a mass phenomenon that can challenge corrupt and autocratic regimes.  This form of resistance and  its symbiotic relationship to cities is not at all new: the plebeians in the Roman Republic used this kind of struggle when they abandoned the city until their demands were met.  But how do modern cities as conflict spaces favour  nonviolent resistance?  The authors systematically analyse the relationship between the urban sphere and nonviolent resistance.

Beristain, Carlos M., La insumisión encarcelada, Barcelona, Virus, 1992, pp. 158

A compilation of the voices and experiences of seven objectors in prison, as well as of their relatives and supporting groups, in the context of the first years of the campaign of disobedience to military service in Spain. This book arose out of the need to train activists to face jail.

Bhan, Gautam ; Menon-Sen, Kalyani, Swept Off the Map: Surviving Eviction and Resettlement in Delhi, New Delhi, Yoda Press, 2008

Bierley, John, Gathering Visions, Gathering Strength, Bradford and London, GVGS Publishing Group and Peace News, 1998, pp. 39

Report of conference of that title bringing together nonviolent activists from different campaigns and different generations.

Black, Women in, Women for Peace, Yearbook, 1994

published in English, Spanish and Serbian since 1994.

Blanchard, Simon ; Morley, David, What’s This Channel Four? An Alternative Report, London, Comedia Publishing Group, 1982, pp. 192

Boserup, Anders ; Mack, Andrew, Krieg ohne Waffen, [1971], Reinbek b. Hamburg, Rowohlt, 1980, pp. 156

One of the best conceptualizations of civilian-based defence, enriched with examples of civil resistance.

Botmed, Jawad, Civil Resistance in Palestine: The village of Battir in 1948, Coventry, Coventry University, 2006, pp. 47

MA dissertation by grandson of leader of village’s resistance to incorporation into Israel.

Bourgi, Albert ; Castern, Christian, Le Printemps de l’Afrique, Paris, Hachette, 1991, pp. 187

Bourourmand, Ladan, The Untold Story of the Fight for Human Rights, Journal of Democracy, Vol. 18, issue 4 (October), 2007, pp. 64-79

Bové, José ; Luneau, Gilles, Pour La Désobéissance Civique, Paris, La Découverte, 2004, pp. 260

This essay by leading politician and activist Bové and journalist Luneau traces the world history of civil disobedience and explains its current relevance.

Boyce, Tammy ; Lewis, Austin, Climate Change and the Media, New York, Peter Lang, 2009, pp. 261

Bruckmiller, Aaron ; Scholl, Franziska, 'Blockupy - Ziviler Ungehorsam als Solidaritaet, Forschungsjournal Soziale Bewegung, Vol. 29, issue 1, 2016, pp. 76-82

Numerous protests took place round the world contemporaneously with the global economic crisis, but the left in Europe as a whole failed to organize. This gap should be filled by Blockupy, a European network of activists composed of trade unionists, political parties and different social movements. The article traces the history of this organization and assesses how far Blockupy has the power to create a new left movement in Germany.

Bujosevic, Dragan ; Radovanovic, Ivan, OCTOBER 5 - A 24 - Hour Coup, Belgrade, Medija Centar Beograd, 2000, pp. 315

based on interviews with 60 people and includes photos and map of Belgrade.

Bunce, Valerie J. ; Wolchik, Sharon L., International diffusion and postcommunist electoral revolutions, Communist and Post-Communist Studies, Vol. 39, issue 3 (Special Issue ‘Democratic Revolutions in Post-Communist States’, ed. Taras Kuzio), 2006, pp. 283-302

Bundy, McGeorge ; Kennan, George F. ; McNamara, Robert S. ; Smith, Gerard, Nuclear weapons and the Atlantic Alliance, Foreign Affairs, Vol. 60, issue 4, 1982, pp. 753-766

Burgmann, Verity ; Lee, Jenny, Staining the Wattle, Ringwood VIC, McPhee Gribble/Penguin Books, 1988, pp. 308

Burrowes, Robert, The Persian Gulf War and the Gulf Peace Team, In Moser-Puangsuwan; Weber, Nonviolent Intervention Across Borders: A Recurrent Vision (A. 5. Nonviolent Intervention and Accompaniment), Honolulu, Spark M. Matsunaga Institute for Peace, pp. 305-318

Burschel, Friedrich ; Kahrs, Andreas ; Steinert, Lea, Ungehorsam! Disobedience! Theorie & Praxis kollektiver Regelversoesse, Munster, edition assemblage, 2014, pp. 144

There have been frequent examples of civil disobedience in Germany in recent years.  Protests in cities and regions such as Heiligendamm, Dresden, Stuttgart, Wendland and Frankfurt represent a kind of renaissance of civil resistance. This book examines the sources of legitimation and points of dispute, and also notes different definitions of civil disobedience and how these are discussed in the literature. Therefore this book draws on the ideas and experience of various authors.

Butora, Martin ; Butrova, Zora, Slovakia’s Democratic Awakening, Journal of Democracy, Vol. 10, issue 1 (January), 1999, pp. 80-93

Büttner, Christian W., Friedenbrigaden: Zivile Konfliktbearbeitung mit gewaltfreien Methoden, Münster, Lit, 1995, pp. 147

On different peace brigade projects, including the Gandhian-inspired Shanti Sena.

Carothers, Thomas, Revitalizing Democracy Assistance: The Challenge of USAID, Carnegie Report, Washington DC, Carnegie Endowment, 2009, pp. 66

Carter, April ; Hoggett, David ; Roberts, Adam, Nonviolent Action: A Selected Bibliography, London, Housmans, 1970

Carter, April ; Randle, Michael ; Clark, Howard, A Guide to Civil Resistance, A Bibliography of People Power and Nonviolent Protest, With a foreword by Paul Rogers, Vol. 1, Talgarth Brecon, Merlin Press, 2013, pp. 258

Carter, April ; Stokes, Geoffrey, Democratic Theory Today: Challenges for the 21st Century, Cambridge, Polity, 2002, pp. 307

Castañar, Jesús, Teoría e Historia de la Revolución Noviolenta, Barcelona, Virus, 2012, pp. 327

This is a historical review of nonviolent ideas and movements from the first recorded strike in ancient Egypt to the 21st century. It connects the concepts of revolution and transformatión in each era with the historical movements which often inspired them. There are chapters on Tolstoy, Gandhi and other theorists of nonviolent action, e.g. Bart de Ligt and Gene Sharp, as well as chapters on conscientious objection, nonviolent resistance to Hitler and opposition to other dictatorships round the world, but no detailed examples after the 1960s. Instead it focuses on different approaches to nonviolent action, from the ‘pragmatic’ approaches of Sharp and Ackerman to the principled commitment to nonviolence of Burrowes, Martin and Lakey.

Cerletti, Francesca, Colombia Twinning Peace Groups, 2006

PeaceDirect has promoted twinning between British groups and those working for peace in the midst of conflict, such as in Cali, Colombia.

Cervera-Marzal, Manuel, Désobeir En Démocratie:La Pénsee Désobeissante De Thoreau A Martin Luther King, Paris, Aux forges de Vulcain, 2013, pp. 170

Largely based on the author’s PhD thesis, this book analyses three historical approaches to civil disobedience, from conservatives and liberal philosophies to the applied theory of disobedience derived from Gandhi and Martin Luther King.

Cervera-Marzal, Manuel, Désobéir En Démocratie: La Pensée Désobéissante De Thoreau à Martin Luther King, Paris, Aux forges de Vulcain, 2013, pp. 170

Largely based on the author’s PhD thesis, this book analyses three historical approaches to civil disobedience, from conservative and liberal philosophies to the applied theory of disobedience derived from Gandhi and Martin Luther King.

Cheng, Edmund W. ; Chan, Wai-Yin, Explaining Spontaneous Occupation: Antecedents, Contingencies and Spaces in the Umbrella Movement, Social Movement Studies, Vol. 16, issue 2, 2017, pp. 222-239

Chenoweth, Erica ; Lewis, Orion A., Unpacking nonviolent campaigns: Introducing NAVCO 2.0, Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 50, issue 3 (May), 2013, pp. 415-422

Chenoweth, Erica ; Stephan, Maria J., Why Civil Resistance Works: The Strategic Logic of Nonviolent Conflict, International Security, Vol. 33, issue 1 (summer), 2008, pp. 7-44

Chesneaux, Jean, The Chinese Labor Movement 1919-1927, Stanford CA, Stanford University Press, 1968

Chester, Gail ; Rigby, Andrew, Articles of Peace: celebrating fifty years of Peace News, Bridport, Dorset, Prism, 1986

Chinguno, Crispen, Marikana Massacre and Strike Violence Post-Apartheid, Global Labour Journal, Vol. 4, issue 2, 2013, pp. 160-166

Cloonan, Martin ; Garafalo, Reebee, Policing Pop, Philadelphia PA, Temple University Press, 2003

Cochrane, Kira, The fourth wave of feminism: meet the rebel women, The Guardian, 10/12/2013,

Cockburn, David, Christian Peacemaker Teams, 2006

Describes how the Christian Peacemaker Teams function, the roles they play and their impact - especially in Hebron. One 'ppt' presentation and four images

Colectivo Utopía Contagiosa, Política Noviolenta y Lucha Social. Alternativa Noviolenta a la defensa militar, Madrid, Ecologistas en Acción, 2012, pp. 302

This book summarizes the long term work of the two person collective Utopía Contagiosa on defense alternatives from an antimilitarist point of view. The model of military defense is challenged from a nonviolence- cooperation paradigm which conflicts with the hegemonic paradigm of domination and violence. The authors then propose transarmament, suggesting criteria, methodological orientations and a two-phase implementation, together with several proposals for sectorial transarmament for debate.

Collectif, La lutte non-violente en 50 points, approche stratégique de la tactique quotidienne, Belgrade, Centre for Applied Non Violent Action and Strategies, 2006, pp. 185

This document was developed by the leaders of the Otpor movement, which inspired civil resistance against Milosevic in Serbia in the 1990s.  It examines a strategic approach to nonviolent struggle presented in four thematic sections: definition and analysis of the framework of nonviolent struggle; elaboration and planning of the struggle; the techniques of nonviolent combat; and measures to resist repression.

Coy, Patrick G., Cooperative Accompaniment in Sri Lanka with Peace Brigades International, In Smith, Jackie ; Chatfield, Charles ; Pagnucco, Ron , Transnational Social Movements and Global Politics: Solidarity Beyond the State Syracuse NJ, Syracuse University Press , , 1997,

Coy, Patrick G., Research in Social Movements, Conflicts and Change, Vol. 31, Bingley, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2010, pp. 344

Crow, Ralph E. ; Grant, Philip ; Ibrahim, Saad E., Arab Nonviolent Political Struggle in the Middle East, Boulder CO, Lynne Rienner, 1990, pp. 129

Dahl, Robert A., Regimes and Opposition, New Haven CT, Yale University Press, 1973

Dale, Gareth, Popular Protest in East Germany 1945-1989, London, Frank Cass, 2004, pp. 256

Dalton, Russel J. ; Kuechler, Manfred, Challenging the Political Order: New Social and Political Movements in Western Democracies, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1990, pp. 344

da Rocha, Antonio Casado, La Desobediencia Civil a partir de Thoreau, San Sebastian, Gakao Lubruak, 2002, pp. 133

This essay updates Thoreau’s thought in the light of later additions by academics and activists. Starting from Thoreau’s own context, and using extracts from his classic text and other unpublished fragments available in Spanish, the author recreates Thoreau’s thinking for today.

da Togboa, Edith Natuka ; Mintero, Dina Rodriguez, Gender and Peace Building in Africa, Costa Rica, University of Peace, 2005

DeGroot, Gerald J., Student Protest: The Sixties and After, London, Addison Wesley, 1998, pp. 312

Delgado, Esperanza Hernández, Resistencia civil artesana de paz: Experiencias indígenas, afrodescendientes y campesinas, Bogotá, Editorial de la Universidad Javeriana, 2004, pp. 468

This is a key book about the Colombian peace communities and the civil resistance of indigenous peoples, Afro Americans and peasants in the context of a bloody civil war. It focuses in particular on the civil resistance of the Nasa people (Paez) in the Cauca department. This is not only the strongest movement (with their Indigenous Guard able to confront guerrillas, the army and paramilitaries), but also the one which has lasted longest and influenced the others. In addition there are studies of the Asociacíon Campesina Integral del Atrato (ACIA), Asociación de Trabajadores Campesinos de Carare (ATCC), Comunidad de Paz de San José de Apartadó and the Asamblea Municipal Constituyente de Tarso.

del Vasto, Lanza, Die Macht der Friedfertigen. Radikale Alternativen zu Elend, Knechtschaft, Krieg und Revolte, Freiberg/Heidelberg, F.H. Kerke, 1982, pp. 320

Translation from French of ‘The Power of the Peaceful’, by well known nonviolent activist and theorist who drew inspiration from Gandhi.

del Vasto, Lanza, Technique de la Nonviolence, [1974], Paris, Gallimard, 1988, pp. 280

Originally written in 1974, this essay explores the philosophy and strategy of nonviolence inspired by the author’s meeting with Gandhi in 1937, and applies it to environmental and solidarity struggles as well as in the daily life of the Arch communities, which he founded across France.

Deming, Barbara, San Francisco to Moscow: Why the Russians let them in, In Deming, Revolution and Equilibrium (A. 1.a.ii. Theories of Civil Disobedience, Power and Revolution), New York, Grossman, pp. 60-72

(Article originally published in the Nation 23 December 1961.)

Democracy, Journal of, Debating the color revolutions, Journal of Democracy, Vol. 20, issue 1 (January), 2009, pp. 69-97

including contributions from Valerie Bunce and Sharon Wolchik, Mark Beissinger, Charles Fairbanks, Vitali Silitksy and Martin Dimitrou, with reply by Lucan Way

Democracy, Journal of, China since Tiananmen, ed. Journal of Democracy, Journal of Democracy, Vol. 20, issue 3, 2009, pp. 5-40

Destradi, Sandra ; Vuellers, Johannes, Gewaltfrei Widerstandsbewegungen und ihre Erfolgsbedingungen - Eine Uebersich der neueren englischsprachigen Forschungsliteratur, Zeitschrift fuer Friedens und Konfliktforschung, Vol. 4, issue 1, 2015, pp. 116-146

This article is a literature review examining the latest English literature on nonviolent resistance.  It discusses different types of  protest and delineates the characteristics of nonviolent resistance movements, and then focuses on explanations for the success of such movements.  Last but not least, the authors discuss possible new avenues for research.

Diamond, Larry ; Plattner, Marc F., The Global Resurgence of Democracy, Baltimore MD, John Hopkins University Press, 1993, pp. 432

Dieter, Anne ; Hillmer, Marianna ; Szilat, Julia, Das Verstaendnis von Wahrhaftigkeit – ein Wegweiser durch Gandhis Leben anlaesslich seines 140. Geburtstages, MenschenRechts Magazin, issue 2, 2009, pp. 252-262

On the occasion of Mahatma Gandhi’s 140th birthday the authors offer a guide to understanding Gandhi’s personality and life through different chapters in his life, for example the role of his family, his youth and the long period in South Africa.

Diogene (revue), Theories Et Practiques De La Non-violence, PUF, issue 243-244, 2014, pp. -250

This special number of Diogene (international review of the human sciences) presents diverse perspectives on different themes relating to nonviolence: the language of nonviolence; the links between nonviolence and religion; and between nonviolence and civil resistance.  It also considers the future of nonviolence.

Doherty, Brian ; de Geus, Marius, Democracy and Green Political Thought, London, Routledge, 1996

Domínguez, Rosario, La Insumisión. Una forma de vida, Madrid, La Malatesta Editorial, 2012, pp. 147

Tells the story of the insumisos from the point of view of one of the mothers. It begins with a summary of the historical process and then introduces a personal narrative of the experience of trials and jail, and the struggle of the conscientious objectors’ mothers association. Includes press articles and pictures which illustrate each element of the story.

The purpose of this paper is to analyse the activities of international volunteers working with Palestinians to empower them in their nonviolent struggle against the Israeli occupation.

Dufour, Martine, Intervention Civile De Paix: Une Expérience Au Kosovo, Ed. Du MAN, 2013, pp. 98

Martine Dufour is a member of the Movement for a Non-violent Alternative. She took part in several civil missions to Kosovo between 1993 and 2011.  This book relates a pioneering experiment in civil intervention and includes elements of analysis, appreciation and assesment of the Civil Peace Intervention in a post-conflict area.

Ebert, Theodor, Soziale Verteidigung, Waldkirch, Waldkircher Verlagsgesellschaft, 1981, , 2 volumespp. 387

  • Vol. 1: Historische Erfahrungen und Grundzuege der Strategie, 1981, 193pp;
  • Vol. 2. Formen und Bedingungen des Zivilen Widerstands, 1981, 194 pp.

Ebert has researched important examples of earlier nonviolent resistance, e.g. the 1953 East German uprising, and has been a leading theorist of nonviolent action and civilian defence since the 1960s. Both books are compilations of articles Ebert wrote on the subject in the 1970s.

Ebert, Theodor, Gewaltfreier Aufstand. Alternative zum Bürgerkrieg, (4th edition), Waldkirchen, Waldkircher Verlagsgesellschaft, 1981, pp. 253

Analysis of nonviolent resistance by leading German scholar of nonviolent uprisings, based on his dissertation. In this book Ebert outlines an often quoted series of steps in the escalation of nonviolent action.

Ebert, Theodor, Erfolg durch zivilen Ungehorsam?, Forschungsjournal Soziale Bewegung, Vol. 25, issue 1, 2012, pp. 60-65

Social movements come into being due to contradictions within a society.  They create a growing  number of people that fear a social catastrophe or believe they can change the current situation.  These motives also provide legitimation for people to protest, resist or, in some circumstances, even promote a radical change in their society.

Ebert, Theodor, Macht von unten durch gewaltfreie Aktion: Neue Beitraege zur direkten Aktion in der Demokratie, Lebenshaus Schwaebischer Alb, 2017

'Power from below through nonviolent action' is the latest contribution from German's best known proponent of civilian defence and nonviolent resistance.  Aware that he is 80 years old, Ebert sums up his experiences and elaborates on new ideas for future research

El-Mahdi, Rabab, Orientalising the Egyptian uprising, Pambazuka News, 2011

suggesting a non-western interpretation of events.

Enzmann, Birget, Handbuch Politische Gewalt, Weisbaden, Springer VS, 2013

Equipo Plan Congruente de Paz y Nonviolencia, Noviolencia. La transformacion creative del conflict social, Medellín, Gobernación de Antioquia, 2004, pp. 168

This as an introductory book on nonviolence by various authors (Equipo Plan Congruente de Paz y Nonviolencia), centred on the classics: Thoreau, Gandhi and Luther King. It provides exercise sheets for students and develops the concept of ‘kingian’ nonviolence (following Martin Luther King’s approach).

Evans, Gwynfor, Fighting for Wales, Talybont, Y Lolfa, 1992, pp. 221

Evers, Tilman, Ziviler Friedendienst. Fachleute für den Frieden. Idee – Erfahrungen – Ziele, Opladen, Leske and Budrich, 2000, pp. 380

Compilation of articles on the rationale, history and practice of the Civilian Peace Service (CPS) in Germany. The CPS, which started in 2000, is a governmentally financed programme with implementers both from state and non-state organizations.

Fayong, Shi, Social Capital and Collective Resistance in Urban China Neighborhoods: a comunity movement in Shanghai, Singapore, Dept of Sociology, National University of Singapore, 2004, pp. 43

Fernando, Aiaga Rojas, How we won democracy in Chile, In Martin, Nonviolent Struggle and Social Defence (A. 1.b. Strategic Theory, Dynamics, Methods and Movements), London, War Resisters' International, pp. 51-54

Foran, John, A Century of Revolutions: Social Movements in Iran, Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press, 1994, pp. 288

Forero, Eduardo Andrés Sa, La Guardia Indígena Nasa y el Arte de la Resistencia Pacifica, Ediciones Colección Étnica: Diálogos Interculturales, Fundación Hemera, 2008, pp. 143

This book combines an anthropological with a political approach, describing the origin, development and activities of the Indigenous Guard of the Nasa People of Cauca (Colombia) with testimonies from some of their leaders.

Forward, Roy ; Reece, Bob, Conscription in Australia, Brisbane QLD, University of Queensland Press, 1968

Frazer, Lessie Jo ; Cohen, Deborah, Gender and Sexuality in 1968: Transformative Politics in the Cultural Imagination, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2009, pp. 264

Gallagher, Tom ; O'Conell, James, Contemporary Irish Studies, Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1983, pp. 144

Gandhi Informationszentrum, My Life is my message: Das Leben und Wirken von M.K. Gandhi, Kassel, Weber, Zucht und Co, 1988

This book gives an insight into Gandhi’s life (including a chronology), as well as a chronology of events in India and South Africa, plus speeches and articles by Gandhi on truth, nonviolence, civil disobedience, etc.

Ganguly, Sumit ; Diamond, Larry ; Plattner, Marc F., The State of India's Democracy, Baltimore MD, John Hopkins University Press, 2007, pp. 264

Introduces general and specific ways of resistance in Colombia, considering also the crucial role that international solidarity has played for the existence and sustainability of these expressions of unarmed resistance. Plus ppt presentation.

Garton Ash, Timothy, Facts Are Subversive: Political Writing from a Decade Without a Name, London, Atlantic Books, 2009, pp. 464

Geis, Max-Emanuel, Ziviler Ungehorsam', In Hilgendorf, E. und J. Juergen, Handbuch Rechtsphilosophie, J.B . Mertzler, Stuttgart, pp. 480-484

The terms civil disobedience, resistance and the right or duty to resist are well known elements of political rhetoric.  The use of these terms often combines various dimensions of interpretation, such as religious, moral and ethical ideas, or philosophical and political approaches too. This book therefore seeks to analyze the term 'civil disobedience' from the perspective of the philosophy of law.

Gerster, Petra ; Gleich, Michael, Die Friedensmacher, ed. Institut für Friedenspädagogik, München/Wien, Carl Hanser, 2005, pp. 260

Mit CD: Peace Counts: Die Erfolge der Friedensmacher: ed. Institut fur Friedenspaedagogik.

The ‘peace makers’ is an exhibition of people from all over the world engaged in resistance and conflict transformation. The book, which the TV journalist Petra Gerster wrote with the producer of the exhibition, Michael Gleich, gives an impression of the range of nonviolent activism world-wide.

Ghal, Yash ; Cotterell, Jill, Marginalised Communities and Access to Justice, London, Routledge, 2010, pp. 270

Gillan, Audrey, I was always told I was thick. The strike taught me I wasn't, The Guardian, 10/05/2004, pp. 10-11

Gills, Barry K., Globalization and the Politics of Resistance, Basingstoke, Palgrave/Macmillan, 2000, pp. 321

Goddard, Keith, Inside Out, In Ney, Chris , Nonviolence and Social Empowerment London, War Resisters' International, , 2005,

Goss-Mayr, Hildegard, Der Mensch vor dem Unrecht. Spiritualität und Praxis gewaltloser Befreiung, (4th edition), Wien/München/Zuerich, Europaverlag, 1981

Theological approach to nonviolence and what the author terms ‘nonviolent liberation’.

Goss-Mayr, Hildegard, Wie Feinde Freunde werden. Mein Leben mit Jean Goss für Gewaltlosigkeit, Gerechtigkeit und Versöhnung, Freiburg, Herder, 1996, pp. 186

Goss-Mayr and Goss played a significant role in promoting nonviolent action and training internationally. This book is Goss-Mayr’s biography and memories of their work in Latin America, Madagascar and the Philippines.

Graswurzelrevolution, Sonderheft Soziale Verteidigung, No 98/99, November, Graswurzelrevolution, 1985

‘Grassroots Revolution’ is a nonviolent-libertarian-anarchist magazine. This special issue focuses on an anarchistic approach to ‘social defence’ as opposed to proposals for governments to adopt civilian-based defence.

Gros, Philippe, Désobeir, Ed. Albin Michel/Flammarion, 2017, pp. 265

In this essay Gros reconsiders the roots of political obedience in order to understand the different forms of civic and civil disobedience, in so far as they constitute an ethical resistance to promote democracy.

Grünewald, Guido ; Van den Dungen, Peter, Twentieth-century peace movements: Successes and failures , Lewiston NY, Edwin Mellen Press, 1995, pp. 254

Habermas, Jürgen, What does Socialism Mean Today? The Rectifying Revolution and the Need for New Thinking on the Left, New Left Review, issue I/183 (September-October), 1990, pp. 3-21

Hammond, John L., The MST and the media: Competing images of the Brazilian Landless Farmworkers’ Movement, Latin American Politics and Society, Vol. 4, issue 4 (Winter), 2004, pp. 61-90

Hancock, Landon E. ; Mitchell, Christopher, Zones of Peace, Bloomfield CT, Kumarian, 2007, pp. 238

Hancox, Dan, Utopia and the Valley of Tears, 2012, pp. 76

Hari, Johann, Malalai Joya: The woman who will not be silenced, The Independent, 28/07/2009, pp. 1-5

Havel, VáclavVladislav, Jan, Living in Truth: 22 Essays Published on the Occasion of the Award of the Erasmus Prize to Vaclav Havel, ed. Vladislav, Jan, London, Faber, 1987, pp. 315

Heilbrunn, John, Social Origins of National Conferences in Benin and Togo, Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 31, issue 2 (June), 1993, pp. 277-299

Stresses the role of voluntary associations in Benin.

Heine, Hartmut, La oposición al franquismo: de 1939 a 1952, Critica, 1983, pp. 502

Heinemann-Grueder, Andreas ; Bauer, Isabella, Zivile Konfliktbearbeitung. Vom Anspruch zur Wirklichkeit, Opladen/Berlin/Toronto, Barbara Budrich, 2013, pp. 246

This book, which deals with international approaches to conflict transformation, has been compiled by two researchers/practitioners with a background in the Civil Peace Service.

Heinrich Böll Foundation, Pakistan: Reality, Denial and the Complexity of its State, Berlin, Heinrich Böll Foundation, 2009, pp. 176

Hendricks, Cheryl ; Lushaba, Lwazi, From National Liberation to Democratic Renaissance in Southern Africa, Dakar, Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESIRA), 2006, pp. 212

Heuer, Wolfgang, Hannah Arendt: Ein Zuhause fuer den zivilen Ungehorsam, INDES- Zeitschrift fuer Politik und Gesellschaft, issue 4, 2017, pp. 66-76

Hannah  Arendt presented her ideas about civil disobedience at a symposium of the New York Bar Association in 1970, and posed as the central question whether the law was dead.  This article explains Arendt's 'republican' philosophy and distinguishes it from the liberal approaches of  Rawls and Habermas, and from democrats like Etienne Balibar, before discussing in some detail Arendt's work On Revolution.  

Hilsum, Lindsey, Sandstorm: Libya in the Time of Revolution, London, Faber and Faber, 2012, pp. 287

by Channel Four foreign editor.

Horn, Gerd-Rainer, The Spirit of ‘68: Rebellion in Western Europe and North America, 1956-1976, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2007, pp. 264

Hornig, James P., Social and Environmental Impacts of the James Bay Hydroelectric Project, Montreal, McGill-Queens University Press, 1999, pp. 187

Hosking, Geoffrey, The Awakening of the Soviet Union, [1990], Cambridge MA, Harvard University Press, 1991, pp. 256

Hutt, Michael, Drafting the Nepal Constitution, 1990, Asian Survey, Vol. 31, issue (November), 1991, pp. 1020-1039

Ibarra, Pedro, Objeción e insumisión, claves ideológicas y sociales, Madrid, Fundamentos, 1992, pp. 319

This collective work analyzes the origins and early stages of conscientious objection and insumision in Spain, its ideological debates and evolution. It includes an analysis of the national and international political context, a chapter on alternative civilian service in the Federal Republic of Germany, and a guide to becoming an objector.

Ilic, Vladimir, Otpor - An Organization in Action, 2002, pp. 54

Isaksson, Eva, Women and the Military System, Brighton, Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1988, pp. 455

Jankovic, Bojan ; Jankovic, Vesna, Resisting the Evil: [Post-]Yugoslav Anti-War Contention, Baden-Baden, Nomos, 2012

Jochheim, Gernot, Die Gewaltfreie Aktion. Ideen und Methoden, Vorbilder und Wirkungen, Hamburg, Rausch und Roehrig, 1984, pp. 334

A general description of nonviolent action, its ideas, methods and effects.

Jochheim, Gernot, Frauenprotest in der Rosenstrasse. Berlin 1943. Bericht, Dokumente. Hintergründe, Berlin, Hentrich and Hentrich, 2002, pp. 223

Study of important and rare example of open protest against Gestapo, by German wives demanding release of their German Jewish husbands who had been arrested.

Analyses the role of international funding in episodes of 'people power'.

Keith, Michael ; Pile, Steven, Geographies of Resistance, London, Routledge, 1997, pp. 336

Kennedy, Paul ; Barker, Colin, To Make Another World: Studies in Protest and Collective Action, Aldershot, Avebury Press, 1996

Kennedy, Scott, The Druze of the Golan: A Case of Nonviolent Resistance, Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 13, issue 2, 1984, pp. 48-64

Account widely reprinted (including in both Crow, Ralph E.; Grant, Philip ; Ibrahim, Saad E., Arab Nonviolent Political Struggle in the Middle East Boulder CO, Lynne Rienner, , 1990, pp. 129 , and Stephan, Civilian Jihad: Nonviolent Struggle, Democratization, and Governance in the Middle East (A. 1.b. Strategic Theory, Dynamics, Methods and Movements) , (above) of the (Syrian) Druze resistance to incorporation into Israel after the occupation of the Golan Heights in 1967.

Kerton, Sarah, Tahrir Here? The influence of the Arab Uprisings on the emergence of Occupy, Social Movement Studies: Journal of Social Cultural and Political Protest, Vol. 11, issue 3-4, 2012, pp. 302-308

King, Mary Elizabeth ; Miller, Christopher A., Nonviolent Transformation of Conflict, Addis Ababa, University for Peace Africa Programme, 2006, pp. 140

King, Peter, Australia’s Vietnam: Australia in the Second Indo-China War, Sydney, Allen and Unwin, 1983

Kingsnorth, Paul, Protest still matters, New Statesman, 08/05/2006,

Kleger, Heinz, Widerstand und ziviler Ungehorsam im demokratischen Rechtsstaat, In Enzemann , Birgit, ed., Handbuch Politische Gewalt., Wiesbaden, Springer VS, pp. 163-203

The author stresses that a democratic state based on the rule of law provides a rigorous normative order, which guarantees basic civil and human rights for each citizen, whilst also allowing for democratic government. Therefore, resistance and civil disobedience are always caught in a conflict between social (and political) rules and individual rights.

Kleger, Heinz, Protestantismus und die Tradition des zivilen Ungehorsams, In Klein, A und O. Zimmerman, (eds.) Impulse der Reformation: Buergergesellschaft und Demokratie, Wiesbaden, Springer VS, pp. 51-58

Since the protests against the use of nuclear energy in the 1980s, civil disobedience is part of German society. The author claims that this kind of resistance shouldn't be confused with the right to resist. Civil disobedience has certain stringent criteria that have to be fulfilled, and should moreover be an exception in a democracy founded on the rule of law and the principle of representation.

Knight, John, The Forest Grant Movement in Japan, In Kalland; Persoon, Environmental Movements in Asia (C.1.a. General and International Studies), London and New York, Routledge, pp. 110-130

Krippendorff, Ekkehart, Staat und Krieg: Die historische Logik politischer Unvernunft, Frankfurt am Main, Suhrkamp, 1985, pp. 435

A ‘classic’ for grassroots activists. A study of the interdependence of the state, as a form of political organization, and war.

Kroepil, Karl, Ziviler Ungehorsam und whistleblowing: Begriffe und rechtliche Bezuege, Recht und Politik, Vol. 49, issue 4, 2013, pp. 193-198

The author distinguishes between 'civil disobedience' and 'whistle blowing', discusses possible classification of the terms and clarifies their meaning with reference to historical context.

Kruks, Sonia ; Rapp, Rayna ; Young, Marilyn B., Promissory Notes: Women in the Transition to Socialism, New York, Monthly Review Press, 1989, pp. 396

Kumar, Mahendra ; Low, Peter, Legacy and Future of Nonviolence, New Delhi, Gandhi Peace Foundation, 1996

Kuzio, Taras, From Kuchma to Yushchenko, Communist and Post-Communist Studies, Vol. 38, issue 2 (June), 2005, pp. 229-244

L.F., Francis ; Chan, Joseph, Digital Media Activities and Mode of Participation in a Protest Campaign: a Study of the Umbrella Movement, Information, Communication and Society, Vol. 19, issue 1, 2016

Lastra, Antonio, Desobediencia civil. Historia y antologia de un concepto, Madrid, Technos, 2012, pp. 308

Primarily a compilation of texts on civil disobedience from a philosophical perspective, using texts from George Anastaplo, G.E. Lessing, Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau, plus chapter 6 from John Rawls’s Theory of Justice. Tolstoy is represented by chapters 14 and 15 from his novel War and Peace, and there is an appendix with two short classic texts from Gandhi and Martin Luther King.

Lavalette, Michael ; Mooney, Gerry, The Poll Tax Struggle in Britain: A Reply to Hoggett and Burn, Critical Social Policy, Vol. 12, issue (Jan.), 1993, pp. 96-108

Lavalette, Michael ; Mooney, Gerry, Class Struggle and Social Welfare, Abingdon, Routledge, 2000, pp. 296

Lawson, Ronald, The Rent Strike in New York City 1904-1980: The End of a Social Movement Strategy, Journal of Urban History, Vol. 10, issue 3 (May), 1984, pp. 235-258

Lehman, Steve ; Barnett, Robert ; Coles, Robert, The Tibetans: A Struggle to Survive, New York, Powerhouse Cultural Entertainment Books, 2004, pp. 125

Light, John, Five Groups Fighting Climate Change,, 07/02/2014,

Summary account of following organizations and their campaigns: (founded to combat climate change globally); the Sierra Club; Greenpeace; Idle No More (founded 2012 in Canada mostly by Native North Americans to combat government tar sands plan); and Union of Concerned Scientists.

Lliso, Juan Carlos Dal, La Objecion Fiscal a los gastos militares, Madrid, Technos, 1996

Study of the Spanish tax resistance campaign against military expenditure, launched in the early 1980s and still continuing.

Lloyd, Vincent W., The Problem with Grace: Reconfiguring Political Theology, Stanford CA, Stanford University Press, 2011, pp. 256

Lopez Levy, Marcela, We Are Millions: Neo-Liberalism and New Forms of Political Action in Argentina, London, Latin America Bureau, 2004

Low, D. A. ; Smith, Alison, History of East Africa, Vol. 3, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1976

Maathai, Wangaari, The Green Belt Movement: Sharing the Approach and the Experiences, [1985], New York, Lantern Books, 2004, pp. 117

Mamdani, Mahmood, 'Walk to work' and lessons of Soweto and Tahrir Square, Pambazuka News, 2011

Mamdani, Mahmood, An African reflection on Tahrir Square, Pambazuka News, 2011

MAN, Pour Une Nonviolence Ethique Et Politique, Ed. du MAN, 2014, pp. 93

This book is the key reference guide to the main French nonviolent action movement. It presents the basis for applying a culture of nonviolence to the spheres of the economy, ecology, education, democracy, defence and international solidarity.

Mandela, Nelson, No Easy Walk to Freedom, [1965], London, Heinemann, 1986, pp. 189

Mandelbaum, Michael, The Nuclear Question: The United States and Nuclear Weapons 1946-1976, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1979, pp. 288

Reflects on positive impact of solidarity from Israeli and international activists, with suggestions for strengthening effectiveness

Marichez, Jeanet ; Olagne, Xavier, La Guerre Par Actions Civiles: Identité d’Une Stratégie De Défense, Paris, Fondation pour les Etudes de Défense, 1998

This book aims to sensitise policy-makers and especially those active in the security sector, to the strategic utility of mass-based civilian resistance, and its potential use for national defence purposes.

Martin, Brian, Making accompaniment effective, 2006

Authoritarian actions often 'backfire' against those who carry them out. Effective accompaniment strategies make this more likely.

Martínez, Mario López, Ni paz ni guerra, sino todo lo contrario. Ensayos sobre defensa y resistencia civil, Granada, Ano-Lugar, 2012, pp. 134

Professor Lopez presents the concepts of civil defense, people power, civil resistance, nonviolent defense and peace building. Although the book is a compilation of articles, it has a structural connection, and the many references provide the reader with more than an introduction – a full map of sources to research the ideas presented.

Mathews, Dylan, Interview with The Rescue Foundation: Liberating Sex Slaves in India, New Internationalist, issue June, 2006, pp. 33-33

Maurel, Olivier, La Non-violence Active, 100 Questions Pour Résister Et Agir, Paris, Ed. La Plage, 2001, pp. 121

Manual presenting nonviolent strategies and tactics being used in contemporary environmental or social rights campaigns in France.

Mayer, Tamar, Women and the Israeli Occupation: The Politics of Change, London, Routledge, 1994, pp. 209

'Development' can be a euphemism for displacement, dispossession, disempowerment, unemployment, de-skilling, destruction of natural resources and dehumanisation.

McAdam, Doug, Tactical Innovation and the Pace of Insurgency, American Sociological Review, Vol. 48, issue 6, 1985, pp. 735-754

McAdam, Doug ; McCarthy, John D. ; Zald, Mayer N., Comparative Perspectives on Social Movements: Political Opportunities, Mobilizing Structures, and Cultural Framings, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1996

Mellon, Christian ; Muller, Jean-Marie, La guerre par actions civiles: Identité d’une stratégie de défense, Paris, Fondation pour les Etudes de Défense (FEDN), 1985, pp. 204

Study commissioned by the then French Defence Minister on the  principles and techniques of nonviolent defence.

Mellon, Christian ; Muller, Jean-Marie ; Sémelin, Jacques, La dissuasion civile, Paris, Fondation des Etudes de Défense Nationale (FEDN), 1985, pp. 204

Study commissioned by the then French Defence Minister on the principles and techniques of nonviolent defence.

Mellon, Christian ; Sémelin, Jacques, La Non-violence, Paris, Presse Universitaire de la France, 1994, pp. 128

The authors offer a definition of nonviolence and its main components, before reviewing the history of nonviolent struggles, as well as the past and future research agenda on civil resistance.

Meyer, David S., A Winter of Discontent: The Nuclear Freeze and American Politics, New York, Praeger, 1990, pp. 320

Mez, Lutz, Ziviler Widerstand in Norwegen, Frankfurt am Main, Haag and Herchen, 1976, pp. 376

The resistance by Norwegian teachers and other civil society groups to Quisling’s attempt to impose fascist ideology during th e German occupation is one of the most important and successful examples of resistance during World War Two.

Middle East Institute, Revolution and Political Transformation in the Middle East, Outcomes and Prospects, Vol. 3, Washington DC, Middle East Institute, 2011, pp. 32

Middle East Institute, Revolution and Political Transformation in the Middle East, Agents of Change, Vol. 1, Washington DC, Middle East Institute, 2011, pp. 45

Middle East Institute, Revolution and Political Transformation in the Middle East, Government Action in Response, Vol. 2, Washington DC, Middle East Institute, 2011, pp. 36

Milburn, Caroline, Australia: Women at forefront of Jabiluka resistance, The Age, issue 13 March, 1999

Miliband, Ralph ; Saville, John, The Socialist Register, 1972, London, Merlin Press, 1972

Mjøset, Lars ; van Holde, Stephen, The Comparative Study of Conscription in the Armed Forces, Oxford, JAI/Elseveer, 2002, pp. 424

Mobilization, Mobilization, Mobilization, Vol. 17, issue 4 (December), 2012

contains an overview by Charles Kurzman. ‘The Arab Spring Uncoiled’, and articles on Egypt, Iran, and Syria.

Morris, Aldon ; Mueller, Carol McClure, Frontiers in Social Movement Theory, New Haven CT, Yale University Press, 1992, pp. 400

Moskos, Charles C. ; Chambers, John Whitelay, The New Conscientious Objection: From Sacred to Secular Resistance, New York, Oxford University Press, 1993, pp. 296

Movimiento de Objeción de Conciencia, En Legitima Desobediencia, Madrid, Proyecto Editorial Traficantes de Sueños, 2002, pp. 348

This is the major compilation of declarations, press statements and articles by the protagonists of the insumisión campaign at the time of their disobedience. Therefore it includes accounts of various stages of movement, such as the formation of the first objectors’ groups, and defiance of the Conscientious Objection Act, and the struggle inside the prison in Pamplona. There are also manifestoes, letters of support and internal documents which record these struggles and others that arose out of them: for example the gender issue raised by antimilitarist-feminist women, and the campaign against military expenditure involving tax refusal.

Mueller, Barbara, Passiver Widerstand in Ruhrkampf. Eine Fallstudie zur gewaltlosen zwischenstaatlichen Konfliktaustragung und ihren Erfolgsbedingungen, Münster, Lit, 1995, pp. 529

The officially organized German resistance to the French occupation of the Ruhr in 1923 is an especially relevant case study for proponents of civilian-based defence.

Mueller, Barbara, Balkan Peace Team 1994-2001. Mit Freiwilligenteams in gewaltfreiem Einsatz in Krisenregionen, Braunschweig, Bildungsvereinigung Arbeit und Leben, Niedersachsen, 2004, pp. 240

A description and evaluation of the work of the international Balkan Peace Team that worked in Croatia and Serbia/Kosovo in the 1990s.

Mueller, Barbara ; Schweizer, Christine, Zur Aktualitaet von Sozialer Verteidigung. Dokumentation eines Workshops von IFGK and BSV vom 15-16 April 2005, Arbeitspapier Nr 20 , 2008

This working paper is the product of a joint workshop on ‘The Timeliness of Civilian-based Defence’ held by the Union for Civilian Defence.  It discusses the role of nonviolent resistance in successful conflict management today in the context of the current direction of world politics.

Muller, Jean-Marie, Stratégie De L'Action Non-violente, Paris, Le Seuil, Col. Points Politique, 1981, pp. 256

This book has become a key reference on the subject of nonviolent action, and notably was circulated clandestinely in Poland after 1981. It has been translated in Italian, Spanish, Polish, Croatian and Arabic.

Muller, Jean-Marie, Le Principe De La Non-violence. Parcours Philosophique, Paris, Desclée de Brouwer, 1995, pp. 328

The goal of this book is to develop a philosophical concept of non-violence to challenge the ideology that violence is necessary, legitimate and honourable.

Muller, Jean-Marie, Principes Et Méthodes De L'intervention Civile, Paris, Desclée de Brouwer, 1997, pp. 176

A key resource on the French approach to international civilian peace intervention as an alternative to military or humanitarian intervention in conflict zones. It has been translated in Italian and Portuguese.

Muller, Jean-Marie, Le Dictionnaire De La Non-violence, Paris, Le Relie de poche, 2005, pp. 410

This encyclopaedia by leading French theorist compiles and analyses key words in the philosophy of nonviolence, as well as strategic components for effective nonviolent action.

Muller, Jean-Marie, L’Imperatif de Désobeissance, Fondements Philosophique et Stratégiques de la Désobeissance Civil, Le Passager Clandestin, 2011, pp. 281

The author analyses the foundation texts and historic campaigns of civil disobedience in France and in the world.  He constructs a definition of the concept understood as both an ethical imperative and a form of nonviolent direct action.

Muller, Jean-Marie, The Principle of Nonviolence: A Philosophical Path, Honolulu, Center for Global Nonkilling, 2014, pp. 273

The goal of this book is to develop a philosophical concept of nonviolence, aiming to challenge the ideology that violence is necessary, legitimate and honourable.

Mullis, Daniel, Demonstrieren! Blockieren ! Okkupieren! - Blockupy Frankfurt und die Produktion des Politischen, Europa Regional, Vol. 20, issue 1, 2015, pp. 20-32

Blockupy in Germany is one of the broadest ranging attempts to politicize the austerity measures, which have been introduced throughout Europe since 2010. Blockupy was enabled to emerge through the combination of embedding protest in the 'Global City' of Frankfurt with the practice of civil disobedience. Drawing on the theories of Lefebvre, Laclau/Mouffe and also Ranciere, the author highlights the links between dissident production of space, the historical formation of the crisis and the focus on Frankfurt as the stage for the protests.  

Mundey, Jack, Green Bans and Beyond, Sydney NSW, Angus and Robertson, 1981

Muste, A.J., Africa Against the Bomb, In Hentoff, The Essays of A.J. Muste (D.2.a. Pacifist and Nonviolent Thought), New York, Simon and Schuster,

Muste, A.J., Of holy disobedience, In Hentoff, The Essays of A.J. Muste (D.2.a. Pacifist and Nonviolent Thought), New York, Simon and Schuster, pp. 355-377

Müller, Beate, Censorship & Cultural Regulation in the Modern Age, Amsterdam and New York, Rodopi, 2004, pp. 250

Nagler, Michael ; Spiegel, Egon, Politik ohne Gewalt. Prinzipien, Praxis und Perspektiven der Gewaltfreiheit, Berlin, Lit, 2008, pp. 196

The American activist and academic Nagler and the German theologian Spiegel describe the principles, practices and perspectives of nonviolence.

Naib, Fatma, Egypt: Women of the Revolution, Pambazuka News, 2011

Narain, Sunitra, A Million Mutinies, New Internationalist, issue 419 (Jan/Feb), 2009, pp. 10-11

Nash, June, Social Movements. An Anthropoligical Reader, Oxford, Blackwell, 2005, pp. 360

Naucke, Philipp, Der Stein im Schuh: ueber friedlichen, zivilen Widerstand in gewaltsamen Konfliktregionen - eine Fallstudie der Friedensgemeinde San Jose de Apartado, Kolumbien, Marburg, Curupira, 2011

During the forty years of armed conflict in Colombia, civil society was continuously assaulted by violent infringement of rights by both left wing guerrilla movements and paramilitary groups. Nevertheless, since the end of the 1990s many communities declared themselves 'municipalities of peace'. Their members commit themselves to behave neutrally and to reject any collaboration with armed actors. Naucke investigates the origin, function and structure of San Jose de Apartado, which is one of the peaceful communities that decided to confront repression.

Nenadic, Danijela ; Belcevic, Nenad, From Social Movement To Political Organisation: The Case of OTPOR, 2006

This paper explores the phenomenon of Otpor (Resistance) movement from Serbia that has played one of the crucial roles in overthrowing undemocratic regime of Slobodan Milosevic. It will focus on revealing some of the key elements of every movement such as organization, structure, mobilization and activism.

New Internationalist, Mao or never. China's people speak, New Internationalist, issue 371 (September), 2004, pp. 9-28

New Internationalist, Durga Sob: Nepal’s trailblazing Dalit feminist, New Internationalist, issue May, 2010, pp. 33-32

New Internationalist, The transgender revolution, New Internationalist, issue 486, 01/10/2015,

Covers a range of issues and including a list of organizations and resources.

Ney, Chris, Nonviolence and Social Empowerment, London, War Resisters' International, 2005

Nwajaku, Kathryn, The National Conferences in Benin and Togo Revisited, Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 32, issue 3, 1994, pp. 429-447

O'Beachain, Donnacha, Roses and Tulips: Dynamics of regime change in Georgia and Kyrgyzstan, Journal of Communist and Transition Studies, Vol. 25, issue 2/3, 2009, pp. 199-206

Oishi, Mikio, Nonviolent Struggle of the Burmese People for Democracy, Durban, South Africa, 1998

a paper submitted to the 1998 International Peace Research Association Conference

Oliver, Pedro, La utopía insumisa de Pepe Beunza. Una objeción subversiva durante el franquismo, Barcelona, Virus, 2002, pp. 174

A book about the beginning of the conscientious objection movement in Spain, which tells the story of Pepe Beunza, the first C.O. in Spain who embarked on disobedience under the Franco dictatorship. It is not only about Pepe’s personal experience, but also an account of the supporting campaigns and of the next conscientious objectors and the creation of MOC, the C.O. movement that still exists.

Ormazabal, Sabino, 500 ejemplos de noviolencia. Otra forma de contar la historia, Bilbao, Fundación Manu Robles-Arangiz, 2009

This book is a compendium of many examples of nonviolent action, mainly in the Basque country, but also from the rest of the world. The examples are presented individually, without a connecting link, so this is not a history, but a compendium of cases.

Ortega, Pere ; Pozo, Alejandro, Noviolencia y Transformación social, Barcelona, Icaria, 2005, pp. 131

This book is an introduction to some of the classic theories and movements of nonviolent action, based on the studies of Sharp and Ackerman, which have not yet been translated into Spanish. But it provides a personal interpretation derived from the principled approach to nonviolent action. A very good starting point for beginners in this subject.

Oxhorn, P., From human rights to citizenship rights: Recent trends in the study of Latin American social movements, Latin American Research Review, Vol. 36, issue 3, 2001, pp. 163-182

Oyewumi, Oyeronke, African Women and Feminism: Reflecting on the Politics of Sisterhood, Trenton NJ , Africa World Press, 2004, pp. 282

Pal, SampanBerthod, Anne, Warrior in a Pink Sari , New Delhi, Zubaan Books, 2012, pp. 220

Panitch, Leo ; Leys, Colin, A World of Contradictions: Socialist Register 2002, London, Merlin Press, 2001

Parekh, Bhikhu, Gandhi, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1997, pp. 111

Parkis, Jan ; Bowen, James, Twenty-First Century Anarchism: Unorthodox Ideas for a New Millennium, London, Cassell, 1997, pp. 214

Parkman, Patricia, Nonviolent Insurrection in El Salvador, Tucson, University of Arizona Press, 1988, pp. 168

Parpart, Jane L. ; Zalewski, Marysia, Rethinking the Man Question: Sex, Gender and Violence in International Relations, London, Zed Books, 2008, pp. 240

Patfoort, Pat, Sich verteidigen ohne anzugreifen - Der Macht der Gewaltfreiheit, Sicherheit under Frieden, Baden, Wekstatt fuer gewaltfreie Aktion, 2008

Many people dream about a world without hate violence and war, but they doubt such a world is possible.  So finally, they cease to dream about it.  Patfoort ch allenges such resignation with a book of hope, but also describes the system within which people are inhibited.  Finally, he offers a  model of equality in rank and nonviolence, where self-assertion without attacking others seems possible.

Pearlman, Wendy, Precluding Nonviolence, Propelling Violence: The Effect of Fragmentation on Movement Protest, Studies in Comparative International Development, Vol. 47, issue 1 (March), 2012, pp. 23-46

Pearse, Guy, The Climate Movement: Australia’s Patrons of Climate Change Activism, The Monthly, issue 7 (Sept), 2011, pp. 3-2

Pentikainen, Merja, The Right to Refuse Military Orders, Geneva, International Peace Bureau, 1994

Pickerill, Jenny ; Krinksy, John, Why does Occupy matter?, Social Movement Studies: Journal of Social Cultural and Political Protest, Vol. 11, issue 3-4, 2012, pp. 279-287

Poehlmann, Horst Gerog, Mahatma Gandhi – Sein Leben und Denken, Neue Zeitschrift fuer Systematische Theologie und Religionsphilosophie, Vol. 57, issue 3, 2013, pp. 418-428

This article presents a comprehensive account of Mahatma Gandhi’s life, work and thought and explores his continuing significance.

Popovic, Srdja, Comment Faire Tomber Un Dictateur Quand On Est Seul, Tout Petit Et Sans Armes, Paris, Payot, 2015, pp. 282

Drawing on his own experience with the Otpor movement in Serbia and an analysis of numerous nonviolent struggles, the author shows how it is possible to start a democratic nonviolent opposition to a dictatorship, to structure it and to guide it to victory.

Popovic, Srdja ; Miller, Matthew, Protest! Wie man die Maechtigen das Fuerchten lehrt, Frankfurt am Main, Fischer, 2015

Popovic and his student friends formed Otpor, that developed into the movement that forced the dictatorial President  Milosevic in Serbia to accept defeat in the 2000 election.  Since then Popovic has advised civil and democratic movements around the world . In this book he provides suggestions and strategies for organizing nonviolent protests, for example how to gain favourable media coverage and find the right allies.

Preston, Paul, Spain in Crisis: Evolution and Decline of the Franco Regime, Hassocks, Harvester Press, 1976, pp. 341

Proyecto AUPA, Defensa Popular Noviolenta, Zaragoza, Ediciones Mambrú, 1989, pp. 40

This pamphlet was for a long time the only publication on the history of nonviolent movements, reviewing classical cases such as the resistance to the Kapp Putsch, the Salt March led by Gandhi and the Prague Spring among others.

Pussy Riot, Pussy Riot!: A Punk Prayer For Freedom, London, Feminist Press, 2013, pp. 152

Pérez, José Antonio, Manual Práctico para la Desobediencia Civil, Pamplona, Amiela, 1994, pp. 254

This is a handbook explaining the scope of civil disobedience written in a readable, non-technical style. The first two chapters cover the origins and traditions of disobedience, followed by practical examples. Emphasis is given to tax resistance and conscientious objection to military service, with detailed explanantions how to engage in both, plus examples of letters to send to the administration. There are also chapters on theoretical issues arising.

Quelquejeu, Bernard, Sur Les Chemins De La Non-violence – Etudes De Philosophie Morale Et Politique, Paris, Vrin, 2010, pp. 224

This collection of articles by the author gathers philosophical reflections on the ethics and politics of nonviolence, with reference to numerous classical and contemporary philosophers.

Radnitz, Scott, A Horse of a Different Color: Revolution and Regression’ in Bunce, In Bunce; McFaul; Stoner-Weiss, Democracy and Authoritarianism in the Postcommunist World (D. II.1. Comparative Assessments), New York, Cambridge University Press, pp. 300-324

Ram, Senthil, The Tibetian Nonviolent Resistance: Empowerment in an Extraordinary Situation, In Ney, Chris , Nonviolence and Social Empowerment London, War Resisters' International, , 2005,

Ramet, Pedro ; Martin, Chris ; Hopken, Wolfgang, Yugoslavia in the 1980s, Boulder CO, Westview Press, 1985, pp. 354

Ramet, Sabrina Petra, Balkan Babel: The Disintegration of Yugoslavia from the Death of Tito to the Fall of Milosevic, 4th edition, Boulder CO, Westview Press, 2002, pp. 426

Rand, Erin J., A Disunited Nation and a Legacy of Contradiction: Queer Nation Construction of Identity, Journal of Communication Inquiry, Vol. 28, issue 4 (October), 2004, pp. 288-306

Ranger, Terence O., African politics in twentieth-century Southern Rhodesia, In Ranger, Terence O., Aspects of Central African History London, Heinemann, , 1968, pp. 210-245

Ranger, Terence O., Aspects of Central African History, London, Heinemann, 1968

Ranger, Terence O., Evangelical Christians and Democracy in Africa, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2008, pp. 304

Rawlinson, Roger, Larzac: A Victory for Nonviolence, London, Quaker Peace and Service, 1983, pp. 43

Reiss, Matthias, The Street as Stage: Protest Marches and Public Rallies since the Nineteenth Century, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2007, pp. 352

Renou, Xavier, Petit Manuel De Désobeissance Civile – A L'Usage De Ceux Qui Veulent Vraiment Changer Le Monde, Paris, Syllepse, 2009, pp. 142

Training manual on civil disobedience addressed to political or social activists, it covers the theory and practice of nonviolent action, including strategy and advice on media and the law. The author is himself a trainer and former leader of Greenpeace on nuclear disarmament.

Renou, Xavier, Petit Manuel De Désobéissance Civile – A L'Usage De Ceux Qui Veulent Vraiment Changer Le Monde, Paris, Syllepse, 2009, pp. 142

Training manual on civil disobedience addressed to political or social activists, it covers the theory and practice of nonviolent action, including strategy and advice on media and the law. The author is himself a trainer and former leader of Greenpeace on nuclear disarmament.

Review, Swiss Political, Swiss Political Science Review, Swiss Political Science Review, Vol. 17, issue 4 (December), 2011, pp. 447-491

dedicates a section with articles from leading US-based social movement theorists, including Mario Diani, William Gamson, Jack Goldstone, and Jeff Goodwin – ‘Why we were surprised (again) by the Arab Spring’, pp. 452-6 – with Sharon Erickson Nepstad on ‘Nonviolent Resistance in the Arab Spring: The Critical Role of Military-Opposition Alliances’, pp. 485-491.

Reychler, Luc ; Deckard, Julianne Funk ; Villanueva, Kevin HR, Building Sustainable Futures: Enacting Peace and Development, Bilbao, University of Deusto, 2009, pp. 388

Rigby, Andrew, The Legacy of the Past: The Problem of Collaborators and the Palestinian Case, Jerusalem, PASSIA – Palestine Academy for Study of International Affairs, 1997, pp. 94

Rigby, Andrew, Axes of Solidarity: diasporas, 2006

Diasporas play an important role in supporting movements at home and as international lobbies, but they also can replicate internal conflicts.

Roberts, Adam, The Buddhists, the War and the Vietcong, World Today, Vol. 22, issue 5 (May), 1966, pp. 214-222

Roberts, Adam ; Garton Ash, Timothy, Foreword to the Paperback Edition : The Arab Spring, In Roberts; Garton Ash, Civil Resistance and Power Politics: The Experience of Non-violent Action from Gandhi to the Present (A. 1.b. Strategic Theory, Dynamics, Methods and Movements), New York, Oxford University Press, pp. 5-9

a preliminary attempt to assess the uprisings from a civil resistance perspective

Robinson, Pearl, The National Conference Phenomenon in Francophone Africa, Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol. 36, issue 3 (July), 1994, pp. 575-610

Begins with the Benin Conference in February 1990.

Roseneil, Sasha, Common Women, Uncommon Practices: The Queer Feminism of Greenham, London, Cassell, 2000, pp. 352

Explores life-style and lesbian issues connected with the Greenham Common Women's peace camp.


Roy, Arundhati, Listening to Grasshoppers: Field Notes on Democracy, London, Hamish Hamilton, 2009, pp. 304

This paper centres mainly on issues of LGBT (Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender) organising in Africa. It mainly looks at the inroads that have been made in trying to organise and also the lessons and challenges that we have encountered along the way

Santino, Umberto, Nonviolenza, mafia e anti-mafia, Palermo, Centro Impastato, 2005

Santino analyses the Mafia organisation and social consensus. He sees in the latter a supportive element to mafia organisations as well as the ground on which it is possible to build forms of nonviolent education and practices that could lead to a change within the current system. He adopts a ‘paradigm of complexity’ at the foundation of the epistemological and methodological approach to the mafia phenomenon and identifies the limit of the military and repressive reaction against it. In so doing, he discusses what action civil society can undertake to sustain nonviolent forms of resistance against mafia.  

SBS Collective, Against the Grain, London, Southall Black Sisters, 1990

In-depth analysis of the campaigns fought by Southall Black Sisters and the issues that they faced in the first ten years of our existence.

This article looks at the strategies of nonviolent peace-keeping, will ask using the example of two NGOs with whom the author is familiar if ‘deterrence’ is the only mechanism that is being applied, or how ‘it is working’, and will suggest to put different approaches into a framework of an escalation of conflict without arms.

Schweitzer, Christine, ''Was heisst "gewalfreie Aktion". Ein Beitrag zur begrifflichen und konzeptionellen Klaerung, Sicherheit und Frieden, Vol. 31, issue 3, 2013, pp. 140-144

Nonviolent action is a form of political action based on the decision, either principled or pragmatic, not to physically harm or destroy human life.  In many social movements it has proved an effective tool for political change, which can be explained by Gene sharp's theory that all power rests ultimately with those who can withdraw their consent.  Nonviolent action applies in several fields: local and regional struggles; in popular (people power) uprisings; in the theory of civilian-based  defence; in approaches of nonviolent intervention  in conflicts; and in what has been called unarmed civilian peacekeeping.

Schweitzer, Christine, Soziale Verteidigung und Gewaltfreier Aufstand Reloaded - Neue Einblicke in Zivilen Widerstand, Hintergrund- und Diskussionspapier Nr. 41, Minden, Bund für Soziale Verteidigung, 2015, pp. 26

This paper summarizes the most recent English-language literature on civil resistance for a non-English speaking readership.

Schweitzer, Christine ; Johansen, Jørgen, Kriege verhindern oder stoppen - Der Beitrag von Friedensbewegungen, IFGK Arbeitspapier No 26, Wahlenau, Institut für Friedensarbeit und Gewaltfreie Konfliktaustragung, 2014, pp. 81

Historical survey of the contribution of seven peace movements to halting or preventing the involvement of their own governments’ in wars – from Sweden/Norway 1905 to Iraq 2003.

Sears, James Thomas, Youth, Education, and Sexualities: An International Encyclopedia, Volume I, A-J, Westport CT, Greenwood Press, 2005, pp. 520

Sebystyen, Amanda, Tunisia: Another country, Pambazuka News, 2011

Discusses the involvement of activists in the revolution in preparations for elections.

Shakiya, Tsering, Trouble in Tibet, New Left Review, issue 51, 2008, pp. 5-26

Sharp, Gene, The Politics of Nonviolent Action, Boston, Porter Sargent, 1973, , 3 volumespp. 902

Part 1 of this now classic analysis explores political and sociological theories underlying nonviolent resistance, including Sharp’s much-debated consent theory of power. Part 2 (‘Methods’) and Part 3 (‘Dynamics’) are noted below ( Sharp, The Politics of Nonviolent Action (A. 1.b. Strategic Theory, Dynamics, Methods and Movements) ).

Translations: Italian
Sharp, Gene ; Safieh, Afif, Gene Sharp: Nonviolent struggle, interview with Afif Safieh, Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 17, issue 1 (autumn), 1987, pp. 37-55

Shepard, Benjamin ; Hayduk, Ronald, From ACT UP to the WTO: Urban Protest and Community-Building in the Era of Globalization, New York and London, Verso, 2002, pp. 360

Sibalis, Michael, Gay Liberation Comes to France: The Front Homosexuel d’Action Revolutionnaire, Paper for George Rude Seminar, The George Rudé Society, 2005, pp. 12

Sieder, Rachel, Multiculturalism in Latin America. Indigenous Rights, Diversity and Democracy, Basingstoke, Palgrave MacMillan, 2002, pp. 304

Silitski, Vitali, Pre-empting Democracy: The Case of Belarus, Journal of Democracy, Vol. 16, issue 4 (October), 2005, pp. 83-97

Smith, Jackie ; Chatfield, Charles ; Pagnucco, Ron, Transnational Social Movements and Global Politics: Solidarity Beyond the State, Syracuse NJ, Syracuse University Press , 1997, pp. 311

Smith, Jackie ; Glidden, Bob, Occupy Pittsburgh and the challenges of participatory democracy, Social Movement Studies: Journal of Social Cultural Political Protest, Vol. 11, issue 3-4, 2012, pp. 288-294

Smitu, Kothari, Globalization, Global Alliances and the Narmada Movement, In Khagram; Riker; Sikkink, Restructuring World Politics: Transnational Social Movements, Networks and Norms (C.2.c. Campaigns Against Dams), Minneapolis MN, University of Minnesota Press, pp. 231-244

Sormova, Ruth ; Neubarova, Michaela ; Kavan, Jan, Czechoslovakia’s Nonviolent Revolution, In Martin, Nonviolent Struggle and Social Defence (A. 1.b. Strategic Theory, Dynamics, Methods and Movements), London, War Resisters' International, pp. 36-41

Sosnowski, Saul ; Popkin, Louise B., Repression, Exile and Democracy: Uruguayan Culture, Durham NC, Duke University Press, 1993, pp. 272

Spear, Thomas, Mountain Farmers: Moral Economics of Land and Agricultural Development in Arusha and Meru, Oxford, Nairobi and Berkeley, James Currey, Mkuku na Nyota and University of California Press, 1997

International solidarity has been crucial to 'a movement in the making' - the war resisters of Turkey. Plus a commentary from pioneer objector Osman Murat Ulke.

Spoonley, Paul ; Macpherson, Cluny ; Pearce, David, Nga Patai: Racism and Ethnic Relations in Aotearoa, Palmerston N.Z., Dunmore Press, 1996

Starr, Stephen, Revolt in Syria: Eye-Witness to the Uprising, New York and London, Columbia University Press and Hurst, 2012, pp. 232

Steinweg, R. ; Laubenthal, U., Gewaltfrei Aktion - Erfahrungen und Analysen, Frankfurt am Main, Brandes & Aspel, 2011

Steinweg, Reiner ; Laubenthal, Ulrike, Gewaltfreie Aktion: Erfahrungen und Analysen, Frankfurt am Main, Brandes & Aspel, 2011

Noting that nonviolent actions, like the resistance to 'Stuttgart 21', seem to become the focus of public attention, the authors (who have participated in many such protests in recent years) analyze the theory, practice, history, and current situation of nonviolent resistance in its international context. 

Steinweg, Reiner ; Laubenthal, Ulrike, Gewaltfreie Aktion. Erfahrungen und Analysen, Frankfurt am Main, Brandes and Apsel, 2011, pp. 288

This book contains a number of articles on examples of nonviolent action, as well as more theoretical reflections on nonviolent action, both nationally and internationally.

Sternstein, Wolfgang, Gandhi und Jesus. Das Ende des Fundamentalismus, Guetersloh, Guetersloher Verlagsgesellschaft, 2009, pp. 368

The Ploughshares activist Wolfgang Sternstein compares Gandhi’s ideas of religion and ethics with the teaching of Jesus. He contrasts both to fundamentalism and dogmatism of any kind.

Stiglitz, Joseph, Globalization and its Discontents, London, Penguin, 2002, pp. 320

Stiglitz, Joseph, Making Globalization Work, London, Penguin, 2006, pp. 384

Summy, Ralph V., Militancy and the Australian Peace Movement: A Study of Dissent, Sydney, MA Thesis, University of Sydney, 1971, pp. 273

Sunday Times Insight Team, Rainbow Warrior: The French Attempt to Sink Greenpeace, London, Sunday Times, 1986, pp. 302

Suttner, Raymond ; Cronin, Jeremy, 30 Years of the Freedom Charter, Johannesburg, Ravan Press, 1986, pp. 266

Suu Kyi, Aung San, The Voice of Hope: Conversations with Alan Clements, London, Penguin, 1997, pp. 301

Swilling, Mark, The United Democratic Front and the township revolt, Durban, South Africa, South African History Archives (SAHA), 1987, , HWS 405 volumespp. 23

Sémelin, Jacques, La Liberté Au Bout Des Ondes. Du Coup De Prague A La Chute Du Mur De Berlin, Paris, Belfond, 1997, pp. 347

This book provides accounts of the various peaceful revolutions in Eastern Europe against totalitarianism after 1948, culminating in 1989, with a specific emphasis on the role of media.

Sémelin, Jaques, Quand Les Dictatures Se Fissuerent... Résistances Civiles A l’Est Et Au Sud, Paris, Ed. Desclee de Brouwer, coll. “Culture de paix”, 1995, pp. 260

Jacques Sémelin has brought together historians, sociologists and political scientists to analyse examples of civil resistance in countries of the East and South, mainly in the 1980s.

Sémelin, Jaques, La Non-violence Expliquée A Mes Filles, Paris, Le Seuil, 2000, pp. 57

Short manual on civil education on nonviolence in simple terms, in the form of a dialogue with the author’s pre-teenage daughters. It has been translateed in English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Catalan, Japanese, Hebrew and   Indonesian

Sémelin, Jaques, Face Au Totalitarisme, La Resistance Civile, Ed. André Versaille, 2011, pp. 112

Presentation of fifteen years of research into the resources available for civil resistance in the heart of totalitarian systems of the 20th century.  Sémelin also extends and develops his analyses of civil resistance in the context of European Communism.

Sémelin, Jaques, Persécutions Et Entraides Dans La France Occupée. Comment 75% Des Juifs Ont Echappé A La Mort, Paris, Le Seuil/Les Arènes, 2013, pp. 912

Huge historiography which uncovers the role of civil servants in resisting the deportation of Jews during WWII occupation in France; based on several years of archival and interview-based research.

The “Orange Revolution” in Ukraine 2004 stirred up a discussion about the role of external support for social movements. There is a tendency to see this kind of support in black and white, either as something desirable or as something completely unacceptable that destroys a “pure” movement. Debates about financial support have been most vocal: one has to be either for or against US sponsoring of revolutions around the world. This paper will look at the complexities of external support, and try to get beyond the either/or discussions.

Takougang, Joseph ; Mbaku, John Mukum, The Leadership Challenge in Africa: Cameroon Under Paul Biya, Trenton NJ, Africa World Press, 2004, pp. 563

Tegbaru, Amare, Local Environmentalism in Northeast Thailand, In Kalland; Persoon, Environmental Movements in Asia (C.1.a. General and International Studies), London and New York, Routledge,

Tella, María Jose Falco, La Desobediencia Civil, Monografias Juridicas, Madrid/Barcelona, Macello Pons, 2000, pp. 570

A study of civil disobedience from a legal standpoint.

Thompson, Lisa ; Tapscott, Chris V., Citizenship and Social Movements: Perspectives from the Global South, London, Zed Books, 2010, pp. 304

Tun-jen, Cheng, Democratizing the quasi-Leninist regime in Taiwan, World Politics, Vol. 41, issue (July), 1989, pp. 471-489

Turrión, Páblo Iglésias, Desobedientes. De Chiapas a Madrid, Madrid, Editorial Popular, 2011, pp. 260

This book was written in 2011 by the present leader of the radical party ‘Podemos’, just before he became a TV star. His aim is to explain the genealogy of the 15M movement, linking it with’Juvenal sin Futuro’ (Youth without a Future) and ‘Democracia Real Ya’ (True Democracy), and connecting these with the lessons learned in the anti-globalization movement at the beginning of the 21st century, and with the Italian ‘Disobedienti’.

Tyndale, Wendy R., Visions of Development: Faith-based Initiatives, Farnham, Ashgate, 2006, pp. 188

Vidal, Hernán, El Movimiento Contra la Tortura ‘Sebastián Acevedo’, [1986], Minneapolis, Institute for the Study of Ideologies and Literature, 2002, pp. 568

Vinthagen, Stellan, Transnational Movement Strategies, 2006

This paper tries to understand the existing and possible strategies of transnational movements working for social change, especially those striving for an unarmed or nonviolent change of direct and structural violence, i.e. war and the social structures upholding authoritarian regimes, sexist, racist, capitalist and militarised societies.

Vlachos, Helen, House Arrest, London, Andre Deutsch, 1970, pp. 158

Vollnhal, Clemens, Jahre des Umbruchs: Friedliche Revolution in der DDR und Transition in Ostmitteleuropa, Goettingen, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2012

The disintegration of the Soviet bloc led to different kinds of peaceful transformation in Central Eastern Europe at the end of the 1980s.  In spite of many differences, common tendencies became apparent. Leading experts elaborate on similarities and differences in the GDR, Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia.

von Tongeren, Paul ; Brenk, Malin ; Hellema, Marte ; Verhoeven, Juliette, People Building Peace II: Successful Stories of Civil Society, Boulder CO, Lynne Rienner, 2005, pp. 695

Walzer, Michael, Obligations: Essays on Disobedience, War and Citizenship, [1970], Cambridge MA, Harvard University Press, 1982, pp. 260

Wapner, Paul, Politics beyond the State: Environmental Action and World Civic Politics, World Politics, Vol. 47, issue 3, 1995, pp. 311-340

War Resisters' International, Professional soldiers and the right to conscientious objection in the European Union, Brussels, Tobias Pfluger MEP, European Parliamentary Group European United Left/Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL), 2008, pp. 60

Wasserstrom, Jeffrey N., Student Protests in Twentieth Century China, Stanford CA, Stanford University Press, 1991

Waterman, Peter ; Wills, Jane, Place, Space and the New Labour Internationalism, Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell, 2001, pp. 312

Webber, Jeffery R. ; Carr, Barry, The New Latin American Left: Cracks in the Empire, London, Pluto Press, 2013, pp. 402

Weinstein, Martin, Uruguay: The Politics of Failure, Westport CT, Greenwood Press, 1975, pp. 190

Weller, Robert P. ; Hsin-Hung, Michael Hsaio, Culture, Gender and Community in Taiwan’s Environmental Movement, In Kalland; Persoon, Environmental Movements in Asia (C.1.a. General and International Studies), London and New York, Routledge,

Whitehead, Laurence, The International Dimensions of Democratization, Europe and the Americas, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2009, pp. 496

Widner, Jennifer A., Economic Change and Political Liberalization in Sub-Saharan Africa, Baltimore MD, John Hopkins University Press, 1994, pp. 320

Willems, Joachim, Ziviler Ungehorsan? Pussy Riots Performances im Moskauer, Forschungsjournal Soziale Bewegungen, Vol. 25, issue 1, 2014, pp. 8-14

Pussy Riot demonstrated provocatively in the Christ the Saviour Cathedral in Moscow (which is a symbol of Russian Orthodoxy) in February 2012, and then uploaded a video of this event with the caption 'Mother of  God, drive out Putin'.  This protest resulted in the arrest of the activists and made Pussy Riot world-famous, though they had staged four other politically and artistically motivated performances. This article assesses whether Pussy Riot's acts can be seen as civil disobedience.  

A much more extensive list of German titles is available in:

Steinweg, Reiner, with Saskia Thorbecke, Gewaltf reie Aktion, Ziviler Ungehorsam, Sociale Vertedigung, Linz/ Donau 2011.

Link on

The bibliography (which includes a few titles in English and other languages) covers the theory of nonviolent action, case studies and  reports on individual campaigns, movement literature, training for nonviolent action, civil disobedience, social defence and third party intervention including nonviolent action.  It also includes materials on influential individual resisters and activists and theorists.  Volumes 2 and 3 cover a list of authors and titles listed by year of publication.

NB It is hoped to make this bibliography more readily available on the internet in the future.   

Williams, Glyn, Social and Cultural Change in Contemporary Wales, London, Routledge, Kegan and Paul, 1978

Wong, Anny, The Anti-Tropical Timber Campaign in Japan, In Kalland; Persoon, Environmental Movements in Asia (C.1.a. General and International Studies), London and New York, Routledge, pp. 131-150

Woodward, Vann C., The Strange Career of Jim Crow, [1955], updated and reissued by Oxford University Press, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1966, pp. 272

X, MalcolmBrietman, George, Malcolm X Speaks: Selected Speeches and Statements, ed. Brietman, George, New York, Grove Press, 1966, pp. 226

Yeo, Andrew, Anti-Base Movements in South Korea: Comparative Perspective on the Asia-Pacific, The Asia Pacific Journal, Vol. 8, issue 24 no 2, 2010, pp. 39-73

Angie could not attend the Coventry seminar but a few days later presented this at the War Resisters' International conference on Globalising Nonviolence

Zouhour, Line, Whither the Peaceful Movement in Syria?, Arab Studies Institute, 2013

Websites recommended

AIDA (Environmental Law for the Americas) - ,

reports on issues and protests relating to dam projects, marine pollution, climate change and other environmental threats, and promotes legal strategies which activists can adopt.