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April Carter has lectured at the universities of Lancaster, Oxford and Queensland, Australia. Her publications include The Politics of Women’s Rights (Longmans, 1988), Peace Movements (Longmans, 1992) and The Political Theory of Global Citizenship (Routledge, 2001). She was a senior editor of the Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace (Oxford University Press, New York, 2010). Her interest in nonviolent action dates from the late 1950s, when she became active in the direct action wing of the nuclear disarmament movement, and she has written on direct action and nonviolent resistance since the 1960s. Her latest books are: Direct Action and Democracy Today (Polity, 2005) and People Power and Political Change: Key Issues and Concepts (Routledge, 2012).
Howard Clark, who died unexpectedly in December 2013, was a nonviolent activist from 1968 engaging in campaigns at a local, national and international level. He was coordinator for War Resisters’ International from 1985-97 and its chair from 2006-2013. He was a research fellow at the Albert Einstein Institute (1997-99) and at the Coventry University Centre for Peace and Reconciliation Studies from 2000 to his death. His publications include: Making Nonviolent Revolution (Peace News, 1978, 1981 and, 2012), Civil Resistance in Kosovo (Pluto 2000), Handbook for Nonviolent Campaigns (co-editor, War Resisters’ International 2009) and People Power: Unarmed Resistance and Global Solidarity (editor, Pluto 2009). He also played a major role in compiling Volume 1 of the Guide to Civil Resistance.
Michael Randle has been involved in the anti-war movement in Britain since the 1950s and in 1958 was one of the organizers of the first Aldermaston March against Britain’s nuclear weapons. A former chairperson of War Resisters’ International, and subsequently co-ordinator of the Alternative Defence Commission, he has been a visiting research fellow at the Department of Peace Studies, University of Bradford. Until 2009 he co-edited the quarterly review of the Committee for Conflict Transformation Support. His publications include: People Power: the Building of a New European Home (Hawthorn, 1991), Civil Resistance (Fontana, 1994), Challenge to Nonviolence (editor, Department of Peace Studies, Bradford University, 2002), and Jubilee 2000: The Challenge of Coalition Campaign (Centre for Peace and Reconciliation Studies, Coventry University).